History and existence of AyurvedaAyurvedic ApproachBasic principlesVataPittaKaphaHistory and existence of Ayurveda Ayurveda literally means ‘science of life’ and is based on oldest medical system originated for a healthy lifestyle. Chakrasamhita is the first significant writing about Ayurveda which appeared around 5000 years ago followed by Shushruta Samhita and Ashtanga Hridaya. The scriptures from Ayurveda has covered all the body parts thoroughly which include surgical procedures as well. The methods of Ayurveda spread all across the world gradually as a potent source of body knowledge and cure of disease without any drawbacks. Ayurveda represents a simple healing approach holistic in nature. It suggests to reach the deep rooted cause of the sickness to cure it by knowing the oneself. It strives to collect the feedback of a problem and discovers the primary cause of the ailment which includes dietary imbalance, unhealthy lifestyle, hereditary taint, negative thoughts as well as energetic and emotional imbalance. It focuses on the broader context of the condition which affect the physical and mental state of the body. Ayurvedic Approach Ayurveda does not work on symptoms but takes the body as a whole. The body is a part of cosmos and a balance among everything is of a major concern. Ayurveda treatment is to restore the imbalance in the body with its natural state of harmony.With treatment and inclusion of proper diet and herbs in the daily regime it is possible to bring positive changes in the body and mind and removes various health problems and long lasting illness such as respiratory problems, skin disease, migraine, obesity, blood circulation, heart health and many other problems. Basic principles Every human being is born with a unique proportion of doshas in the body which is also known as the biological principles named vata, pitta and kapha, representing the genetic coding of an individual which determines the mental and physical characteristics. During the course of life the proportion of doshas(prakriti) changes due to various reasons such as eating habits, lifestyle choices, ignorance towards body and so on. These changes creates imbalance among vata, kapha and pitta may lead to several ailments of the body and mind. Vata Vata prakriti is a combination of wind and space elements. This element is the force of nature in the body which determines nerve impulses, blood circulation, respiratory functions and waste elimination. It is the prakriti to control various movements of the body both physical and mental including breathing, heartbeats, muscles movement etc. Pitta This prakirti is the fire element of the body. It is the force associated with body temperature and also the primary reason for any biological change in the body. Major functions of pitta are bowel movements and digestion of the body. It also controls appetite, body temperature and a major element to maintain skin quality and texture.Liver, eyes and brain functions are also affected by kapha. Kapha Kapha prakriti is a combination of earth and water elements in the body which is the most dominant of all three doshas. Kapha plays a significant role in the and structure of the body, it also determines the quality of physical activity a body can perform, growth of tissues in body and fertility. It also acts as a balancing force between vata and pitta prakriti. An imbalance among these doshas can be harmful to the body and mind. Health is an optimal state wherein there is a balance amog the prakriti of the body and there should be no vikriti among vata, kapha and pitta.