B.A.M.S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)


BAMS full form is Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery. BAMS is an undergraduate degree programme that is designed to make students familiar with the concepts of Ayurveda and use it for the treatment of patients. BAMS incorporates Ayurveda with the concepts of modern medicines and students are taught a combination of both as part of the course curriculum.
Ayurveda is one of the oldest systems of medicine and traces its roots to Vedic times. It is based on the curative properties of herbs and its medicines are known for the natural elements that they contain.
Considered as an alternative method of treatment, the Ayurveda medicine system not only cures and prevents an ailment but also reduces the frequency with which diseases enter a human body. It utilises the self-healing system of the body. Currently, this alternative method of healing is being accepted by people worldwide. Even the World Health Organisation has provided a worldwide forum for promoting traditional medicine systems such as Ayurveda. Therefore, Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) as a course has opened up many promising opportunities for students.

Learning Outcomes

The learning outcomes of a BAMS program typically include:

Understanding Ayurvedic Principles: Graduates should have a deep understanding of the fundamental principles of Ayurveda, including the concepts of doshas (vata, pitta, kapha), dhatus (tissues), malas (waste products), and the interconnectedness of body, mind, and spirit.

Diagnostic Skills: Graduates should be able to diagnose various health conditions according to Ayurvedic principles, which may involve pulse diagnosis (nadi pariksha), tongue examination (jihva pariksha), and other traditional methods.

Knowledge of Herbal Medicine: Graduates should have a comprehensive knowledge of Ayurvedic herbs, their properties, uses, and preparation methods for formulating traditional Ayurvedic medicines.

Therapeutic Techniques: Graduates should be familiar with various Ayurvedic therapeutic techniques such as Panchakarma (detoxification and rejuvenation), Rasayana (rejuvenation therapies), and other natural healing methods.

Nutrition and Dietetics: Graduates should have a strong understanding of Ayurvedic dietary principles and be able to provide dietary recommendations based on an individual’s constitution (prakriti) and imbalances (vikriti).

Yoga and Lifestyle Counseling: Graduates should be able to guide individuals on adopting a balanced lifestyle, including incorporating yoga and meditation practices for overall well-being.

Preventive Healthcare: Graduates should be equipped to provide guidance on preventive measures and health promotion strategies based on Ayurvedic principles.

Clinical Skills: Graduates should have practical clinical skills, including the ability to assess patients’ health, formulate treatment plans, and monitor progress.

Research and Integration: Graduates should be able to critically evaluate Ayurvedic research, stay updated with advancements in the field, and integrate modern medical knowledge where appropriate.

Ethics and Professionalism: Graduates should adhere to ethical standards and professionalism in their interactions with patients and colleagues.

Communication Skills: Graduates should be able to effectively communicate Ayurvedic concepts and treatment plans to patients, other healthcare professionals, and the public.

Legal and Regulatory Understanding: Graduates should have an understanding of the legal and regulatory aspects related to the practice of Ayurvedic medicine in their region.

Scope of Opportunities

In the past, there were majorly two options available for freshly graduated Ayurveda doctors – higher studies or personal practice by opening a clinic. However, these days there are a plethora of job opportunities available for BAMS graduates in both public as well as private sectors. Some of the industries which students can look forward to making a career after clearing BAMS are:

Relevant Industries for BAMS Graduates
Healthcare industry Pharmaceutical industry
Education industry Nursing industry
Life Science industry Medical Tourism industry
Hotel industry


Take a look at different job opportunities available for BAMS graduates below:

  • Physician: Before students start with their own clinical practice, it is always advised to work under some senior practitioners to gain relevant experience. Along with regular practice under a practitioner, students can also opt for specialized practice (such as treatment for spinal disorders, skin diseases, etc) after gaining complete knowledge.
  • Teacher: If a student wishes to build his/her career in the field of teaching, it becomes necessary to complete post-graduation. For post-graduation, students can choose to pursue either MD or postgraduate diplomas in any subject of their choice. Once students have their post-graduation degree, they can join any government or private college as a lecturer.
  • Manager: Students who wish to enter into the field of management can pursue courses such as Masters in Public Health (MPH), Masters in Health Administration (MHA), and MBA in Hospital and Healthcare Management. Such courses are in great demand and offer promising employment opportunities for students.
  • Clinical Research Associate: These days many universities are coming up with different postgraduate courses in clinical research. Students can pursue such courses to secure a job as a Clinical Research Associate in the research units of different pharmaceutical companies.
  • Drug Manufacturer: Manufacturing of Ayurveda medicines and related products such as cosmetics is a booming business these days. To make a career in the field, students can choose to pursue courses such as M.Sc in Pharmaceutical Medicine and Diploma in Herbal Medicinal Manufacturing after the completion of BAMS course.
  • Health Supervisor/ Therapist: These days many international tourists look towards taking natural Ayurveda treatments in health resorts and spa centres across India. Tourists usually prefer natural therapies for problems like arthritis, obesity, migraine, premature aging, skin diseases, high cholesterol, and diabetes. BAMS students can opt to work as supervisors in such health centres of various hotels and resorts. Students can also open their own health centre.
  • Medical Supervisor: This option includes working as a medical supervisor in companies that prepare Ayurveda medicines.


When it comes to hiring, government and private hospitals are the major recruiters for BAMS graduates. However, top recruiters that offer jobs to Ayurveda practitioners other than hospitals are mentioned below:

Top Recruiters for BAMS Graduates
Patanjali Ayurved Limited Dabur
The Himalaya Drug Company Zandu Pharmaceuticals Works Limited
Surya Herbal Limited Vicco Laboratories
CharakPharma Private Limited Emami Limited
Hamdard Laboratories Baidyanath

Eligibility Criteria

BAMS is most apt for students who have a keen interest in the Medicine industry and would love to explore alternative methods of treatment. Students who aspire to build their career in the field of Ayurveda should have the below-mentioned skillset:

To pursue BAMS course in Indian colleges/ universities, aspirants should clear Class XII in Science stream with PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) subjects, and must have cleared NEET exam. In most cases, the minimum percentage that students require in Class XII to be eligible for BAMS course admissions is 50% to 60%. However, the minimum percentage criteria changes depending on a college/ university policy.
Some universities may also have minimum age bar as their BAMS eligibility criteria.

Course Curriculum

BAMS is a 5 year and 6-month long bachelor degree course. The course duration includes 4.5 years of academic sessions and 1 year of internship. The 4.5 years of academic sessions are divided into three professional courses of 1.5 years each.

In the first professional course, students are taught about the following subjects:

  • Padarth Vijnanam (Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda and Quantum Mechanics)
  • Samhita Adhyayan 1 (Study of Ayurveda Classical Text)
  • Kriya Sharira (Human Physiology)
  • Rachana Sharira (Human Anatomy)
  • Samskritam Evam Ayurved Itihas (Sanskrit and History Of Ayurveda)

The subjects of second professional course are:

  • Dravyaguna Vigyan (Pharmacology and Materia Medica- Herbal)
  • Rasashastra evam Bhaishajyakalpana (Materia Medica- Minerals & Metals and Pharmaceutical Science)
  • Roga Nidan evam Vikriti Vigyan (Methods of Diagnosis, Diagnostic Procedures and Pathology)
  • Agad Tantra evam Vidhi vaidyaka (Clinical Toxicology and Medical Jurisprudence)
  • Samhita Adhyayan-2 (Study of Ayurveda Classical Text)
  • Swasthavritta evam Yoga (Lifestyle Management, Public Health and yoga)

In the third and final professional, the course is totally clinical and include subjects:

  • Kayachikitsa including Manasa Roga, Rasayana and Vajikarana (Internal Medicine including Psychiatry, Rejuvenative Medicine, Reproductive Medicine and Epigenetics)
  • Panchakarma & Upakarma (Therapeutic Procedural Management)
  • Shalya Tantra (General Surgery)
  • Shalakya Tantra (Ophthalmology, Oto-RhinoLaryngology & Oro-Dentistry)
  • Prasuti Tantra evam Stree Roga (Gynecology and Obstetrics)
  • Kaumarabhritya (Pediatrics)
  • Samhita Adhyayan-3 (Study of Ayurveda Classical Text)
  • Atyaikachikitsa (Emergency Medicine)
  • Research Methodology and Medical-statistics

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q.1 What is the duration of Course ?

Ans. This is 5 .5 years course in which the student will have academic study for 4.5 years and Internship for a period of One year.

Q.2  Where can I Intern?

Ans. Students have to intern in the academic institution for 6 months and any District hospital of the state for another 6 months.

Q.3 What is the Eligibility criteria ?

Ans. Student with minimum 50 % marks in Intermediate with science stream (Physics,Chemistry, Biology).
– Student must have cleared NEET examination in the same year of taking admission.

Q.4 What is the Fee Structure?

Ans. The Tution Fee fixed by the Government .

Q.5 What are the career opportunities after pursuing B.A.M.S.?

Ans. After completing the course students get the opportunity to work as a Medical Officer in Government as well as Private hospitals.

Q.6 What kind of Facilities will be provided by the Institutions?

Ans. The institution provides with the facilities like Library, Hostel, Sports, Gym, Safe and Secure environment.

Q.7 What kind of Medical facilities are being provided by the Hospital?

Ans. The Hospital is fully equipped with General beds and ICU beds along with the facility of Bipap and Ventilator.

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